Chlorophyll is probably the best known of plant pigments, for it is the one that gives plants their characteristic green color. But its usefulness goes beyond color, for it is thanks to chlorophyll that photosynthesis is made possible, allowing plants to transform the sunlight into energy and growth.
Pineapple, or Ananas comosus, is a plant from South America. Currently, pineapple fruit is cultivated in tropical areas around the world, particularly in Thailand, Brazil and Costa Rica. This fruit is consumed mainly in two ways: fresh, or preserved in syrup. Both methods preserve their most beneficial properties: high levels of Vitamin C and Manganese, positive digestive and diuretic effects, and low fat content. Furthermore, pineapples are a favorite of sportspersons for their anti-inflammatory properties, which help to prevent tendinitis and muscular pain.
In 2012, worldwide tomato production levels reached more than 120 million tons, with the European Union being one of the largest producers. The optimum cultivation of tomatoes requires very specific temperature, moisture and luminosity conditions, this is why it is often cultivated in greenhouses.
Bitter pit is the most common disorder in apple tree crops worldwide. This physiopathy is caused by a calcium deficiency during the growth and development stage of the fruits.
Olive leaf spot, which is caused by the Spilocaea oleagina fungus, is the most common disease in olive groves, affecting a large number of regions. Olive leaf spot causes round-shaped spots on the leaves, which fall off prematurely. This defoliation weakens the tree, with a significant part of the crop being lost.